Eureka Sheets


How to Teach Figurative Language Using PPT Slides?

Teaching figurative language to elementary students can be a delightful but challenging task. Explicit teaching and engaging and interactive resources can make the learning process more enjoyable and effective.

In this blog post, I will introduce some ideas and slides I used to teach figurative language. Here are some free slides for you.

1. Teaching Figurative Language Explicitly

Teaching figurative language explicitly is crucial for students to grasp the nuances and subtleties of each type. Therefore, I like to start my figurative language lessons by providing a clear definition of the specific type being covered. Next, I show students some examples and non-examples of the figurative language being covered in that lesson.

This foundational step ensures that students have a solid understanding of the concept. Also, it helps clear out any potential misunderstandings and creates a comprehensive learning experience that goes beyond mere memorization.

In addition, the slides are editable, so you can make changes to best suit their classes.

Get the freebie to try.

Figurative Language activity 2

2. Figurative Language Activities

I believe in the “I do, we do, you do” pedagogy. Thus, to reinforce the concept, I included four types of activities, each has at least two slides. This allows me to model and do guided practice with my students before sending them back to do independent practice. Use “Simile” as an example, there are 4 activities like the ones below:

Figurative Language Activity 1 — Is This Simile?

In this first activity, our students become language detectives as they are going to read sentences and decide if each sentence uses a simile or not. Then, they’ll drag “Yes” or “No” and drop it into a box after each sentence.

Figurative Language activity 1
Activity 1: Students drag “Yes” or “No” to answer the questions.
Figurative Language activity 2
Activity 2: Students drag the phrases in the word bank to complete the sentences.

Figurative Language Activity 2 — Fill in the Blanks

Activity number two (see above) is all about filling in the blanks with the perfect simile phrases. Specifically, students will read sentences with blanks. Then, they’ll drag the right phrases from a word bank and drop them into the blanks. It’s like completing a linguistic puzzle. Besides, the word bank provides great scaffolding and differentiation for some students.

Figurative Language Activity 3 Complete Simile Sentences

The third activity asks students to read incomplete sentences and type in simile phrases. This is similar to Activity 2 but without much scaffolding. Instead, it gives students space to be creative. Therefore, it’s a great activity for your advanced group of students.

Figurative Language activity 3
Activity 3: Students type to complete the sentences.
Figurative Language activity 4
Activity 4: Students look at the picture and think of a sentence with a simile about it.

Figurative Language Activity 4 — Write Simile Sentences

Lastly, let’s unleash the creative minds! In the fourth activity (see above), students will look at pictures and think up sentences with similes about them. For example, this picture (see above) shows a crying baby. So one sample sentence may be “He lost the game and now he is crying like a baby.”

As a result, students improve their writing skills by incorporating figurative language in their writing. In other words, they move from reading to writing, which is the next level of learning.

3. How to Utilize the Resource

Classroom Setting

This resource is flexible and can be incorporated into various teaching methods. The definition, examples, and non-examples slides can support you in explicitly teaching the concept. On the other hand, the activities slides allow you to model and do guided practice with your students.

In addition, you can assign some slides in Google Classroom for students to do independent practice in their reading centers, or use them for your small group instruction.

Homework and Review

Assigning specific slides as homework or for review purposes can reinforce students’ understanding and provide additional practice. The resource’s versatility makes it suitable for both in-class and independent learning.

4. Advantages of Using These Slides

The incorporation of interactive elements not only makes learning more engaging but also provides valuable insights into each student’s understanding and application of figurative language.

By combining explicit teaching with interactive practice, we can create a dynamic learning experience that caters to various learning styles. The resource’s adaptability makes it suitable for both classroom instruction and remote learning/homework environments, fostering a deeper and more enduring understanding of figurative language.


Teaching figurative language to elementary students is not just about imparting knowledge but also fostering creativity and linguistic expression.

This PowerPoint resource offers a structured and engaging approach to help educators make the learning journey enjoyable and effective for their students.

Besides, by focusing on each type of figurative language separately, students can build a solid foundation and develop a deeper appreciation for the beauty of language.

Download the freebie to save your planning time and help your students learn. If you want the full resource or slides for other types of figurative language, you may click the product pictures below to purchase.

Want to save? No problem! Just sign up for our newsletter below! I promise more freebies and teaching ideas will come!

Other Reading Skills: