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Fraction Games For Elementary with a Freebie

Fraction games can bring the learning of fractions so much fun! The fraction unit in math is always one of the most important units in 3rd grade and probably other grades in elementary schools. Every year, I spend a long period of time teaching students the fraction concept.

However, some students still have a hard time understanding basic concepts, not to mention finding equivalent fractions or comparing fractions. These students easily get frustrated and lose interest in learning. For those who have mastered the concepts, the long fraction unit can be boring and tedious. Therefore, I created three fraction games to use in my math centers.

Today’s post introduces the three games and also includes a freebie. Click here to download the freebie, or keep reading to learn more.

elementary fraction games go fishing

Fraction Games: How to Prepare?

There are three simple steps to set up all the games:

  1. Color print and laminate all the fishbowls and fish.
  2. Cut out all the fishbowls and fish.
  3. Attach Velcro at the back of the fish and on the fishbowls.
fraction games fish with velcro
Put Velcro at the back of each fish.
fraction games fishbowl with velcro
Put Velcro on the fishbowl card.

Voila! You are ready to go. To be honest, it took me quite some time to prepare, but I know I only need to do it once and I can use the games for years.

Fraction Game 1: Finding Fractions

To set up this game, you need to put all the fishbowl cards in one stack and spread all the fish cards on the table. Each student starts with one fishbowl card. Students need to look for four fish cards that have representations of the fraction on the fishbowl card. The representations may be words, tape diagram, number line, etc. 

fraction games finding fractions example
Color-coded for quick-checks: the color of the fraction in the middle is the same as the color of the content on each fish.

After a student completes one set, you can quickly check the answer by looking at the colors of the fraction (on the fishbowl card) and the representations (on the fish cards). If the colors match, then the student is correct.

You may have two or more students play this game together, so they can compete with each other as well as help each other.

Fraction Game 2: Equivalent Fractions

Identifying equivalent fractions is not an easy task for most of my students when the fractions are not represented in the fraction form. However, most questions related to equivalent fractions on tests show fractions in tape diagrams, number lines or circles.

For example, on the 2019 grade 3 math NY state test, there are two questions:

This question requires students to be able to identify equivalent fractions represented by tape diagrams.
This question requires students to be familiar with plotting fractions on a number line.

Therefore, students need to fully understand the basic concepts of fraction and be able to identify fractions when they are represented in various forms.

Since there are so many fractions included in this game, you can pick some fractions based on your grade-level standards or students’ level. You don’t have to include all the fractions at one time. 

equivalent fractions example
Color-coded for quick-checks: equivalent fish cards have the same color.

After selecting the fractions, you can do the same as game 1– stack up the fishbowl cards and spread the fish cards on the table. Each student then can start looking for the representations that are equivalent to the fraction on their fishbowl card.

Students may need some sheets of scrap paper for this activity, and they can also record the equivalent fractions they have identified on the provided recording sheet. So later they can refer back.

Fraction Game 3: Comparing Fractions

You need four different-sized fishbowl cards and all the fish cards from the previous two games for this game. You can also choose to use the improper fractions and mixed numbers included in this game.

To start the game, put all the fishbowl cards in order from the smallest to the biggest. Then ask students to randomly pick four fractions to compare and put each fraction in the right fishbowl. You can include only fish cards with fraction forms, or fish cards with all kinds of representations to challenge your students.

Students may need some sheets of scrap paper for this activity, too. Watch the video below to see how to play the three fraction games.

To Sum Up

These three “Go Fishing” fraction games can help teachers engage their students and provide different levels of support in math centers. Click here to try the first game for free.

Want to save your planning time and make the learning more fun and effective? You can purchase this product in my store by clicking here or the image below.

go fish game product

Want to save? No problem. Simply sign up for the newsletters and more freebies and teaching ideas will come your way!

Happy teaching, 


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