Welcome back to the exciting math adventure where students in 3rd to 5th grades get to run their very own pizza restaurant! In our previous blog post, we discussed some initial steps of this real-world fraction project, such as deciding on the restaurant basics, creating a menu, and learning the art of cutting the perfect slice.
Today, we’ll delve deeper into the fraction project and explore additional steps that will enhance students’ understanding of fractions while having a blast in the process.
Prepare the Ingredients
In this step, students will wear the chef’s hat as they dive into the culinary world of pizza making. Besides, they will learn to measure and combine ingredients in precise quantities, understanding how fractions play a crucial role in recipes.
As you can see below, students need to look at the menu they created previously, then identify fractions to figure out the ingredients to make one pizza of each type. In addition, they need to add fractions to find out the number of ingredients needed to make 2 and even 5 pizzas of each type. After that, they will compare fractions to answer several questions.
Review the Stock
A successful restaurant needs to keep its inventory in check. Students will have the opportunity to review the stock of ingredients, assess quantities and calculate the fraction of slices sold for each type of pizza. This step will allow them to gain a deeper understanding of the concept of fractions as a representation of a part of a whole.
Besides, students will find equivalent fractions and compare fractions using >, <, = signs.
It’s showtime! Students will take on the role of dedicated pizzaiolos as they fulfill orders from eager customers. They will showcase their understanding of fractions in a practical setting. From dividing a large pizza into halves, quarters, or even eighths, students will demonstrate their ability to apply fraction concepts to real-life situations.
As shown in the picture below, students will answer four multi-step word problems. They will identify and compare fractions, find equivalent fractions, add and subtract fractions, etc. All questions align with 3rd to 5th-grade Common Core standards.
Let’s Check Out
Running a restaurant involves more than just preparing and serving food. In this step, students will practice their math skills at the cash register. They will calculate the total bill using fractions and/or decimals, reinforcing their understanding of addition, and subtraction. The fractions they have explored throughout the project will prove invaluable in accurately calculating bills.
As you can see in the picture above, since “decimal” is not a requirement in 3rd-grade standards, it’s a bonus category on the worksheet. However, for grades above 3rd grade, you may require your students to complete all the questions on the worksheet.
It’s Your Pay Day
After all their hard work and dedication, it’s time for students to reap the rewards. In this final step, they will calculate their profit based on price and cost. They will celebrate their achievements as they see the direct correlation between their efforts, fractions and/or decimals, and profits.
Moreover, they will practice placing fractions on a number line one more time to compare fractions.
Common Core Standards
The following 3rd to 5th-grade standards are addressed in this fraction project:
3.NF.A.1: Understand a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; understand a fraction a/b as the quantity formed by a parts of size 1/b.
3.NF.A.2: Understand a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram.
3.NF.A.3: Explain the equivalence of fractions in special cases, and compare fractions by reasoning about their size.
4.NF.A.1: Explain why a fraction a/b is equivalent to a fraction (n × a)/(n × b) by using visual fraction models, with attention to how the number and size of the parts differ even though the two fractions themselves are the same size.
4.NF.A.2: Compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators. Recognize that comparisons are valid only when the two fractions refer to the same whole. Record the results of comparisons with symbols >, =, or <, and justify the conclusions.
4.NF.B.3: Understand a fraction a/b with a > 1 as a sum of fractions 1/b.
4.NF.B.4: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction by a whole number.
4.NF.C.5: Express a fraction with denominator 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator 100, and use this technique to add two fractions with respective denominators 10 and 100.
4.NF.C.6: Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100.
5.NF.A.1: Add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (including mixed numbers) by replacing given fractions with equivalent fractions in such a way as to produce an equivalent sum or difference of fractions with like denominators.
5.NF.A.2: Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions referring to the same whole, including cases of unlike denominators. Use benchmark fractions and number sense of fractions to estimate mentally and assess the reasonableness of answers.
5.NF.B.4: Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication to multiply a fraction or whole number by a fraction.
5.NF.B.6: Solve real-world problems involving multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers, e.g., by using visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem.
In conclusion, running a pizza restaurant project provides an immersive and enjoyable experience for 3rd to 5th graders to explore fractions in a real-world context. By engaging in tasks such as preparing ingredients, fulfilling orders, managing finances, and reviewing inventory, students gain a deeper understanding of fractions as they relate to practical situations.
Through this fraction project, students not only enhance their mathematical skills but also develop essential life skills, such as teamwork, problem-solving, and critical thinking. So, let the fraction-filled fun begin as we embark on an unforgettable pizza adventure!
Create your own activity worksheets to try out these ideas or purchase my project worksheets in my store by clicking here or the picture above.
Other Math Resources & Freebies:
- Real-World Fraction Project “Run a Pizza Restaurant” 1
- Christmas Math Activity For Upper Elementary
- Math Enrichment Activities For Upper Elementary
- Fraction Games For Elementary with a Freebie
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